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文章来源:www.mmm.ccc    发布时间:2019-02-13 17:20:32  【字号:      】

www.36789.com641年,玄奘分别戒日王筹划归国,他酌定沿着丝绸之路北线,原委高昌国回长安。遵循他与鞠文泰的商定,玄奘原先要在高昌国逗留三年,但在东归途中得知,高昌王鞠文泰已经不在阳间,此商定未能兑现。两年后,玄奘回到中土,受到官方和民间亲热的接待。玄奘抵达凉州(今甘肃武威)地界时,住了一个多月,为本地僧众祭坛说法,很受接待。凉州是甘肃河西走廊的一个大城市,是“丝绸之路”上的一个重镇。其时为防止颉利可汗的突厥行列步队骚动扰攘侵犯,凉州都督李大亮接到朝廷诏书:封闭边关,禁绝职员西行。当玄奘筹划不停西行时,凉州守关官兵不敢自作主张开关放行,只好先行报告李大亮裁夺。李大亮懂得玄奘的名声,让辖下通报他的派遣:不许西行取经,即刻回京。在《西游记》中,唐僧要抵达的方针地是西方天竺的大雷音寺,拜会的是如来佛祖。而实际中,玄奘西行的方针地来雷音寺,更来如来。实在的如来即释迦牟尼,降生于前六世纪,并于八十岁涅槃,而玄奘西行已经是六世纪的事件,中央已相隔千年,玄奘到那处固然见不到如来了。

玄奘在慧琳、道整两个头陀的护送下,一同上翻山越岭,昼伏夜行,几日后抵达瓜州。瓜州刺史独孤达爱戴佛法,外传玄奘法师抵达,亲热接待。此时凉州都督李大亮追访玄奘的公函很快也跟来了。他们对玄奘的身份爆发了疑惑。一个叫李昌的官员暗里将公函拿给玄奘看,并问道:“法师是不是此人?”玄奘踌躇着不敢作答。李昌又说:“请法师说实话,假若你便是玄奘,我为你想想法。”玄奘只得如实相告。懂得底细的李昌为玄奘的步履和魂灵所打动,当着玄奘的面撕掉文牍,让他尽快开航。开脱瓜州后,他为了避让官府的查询,不敢居然行官道,却又必需依傍官道,以免遭迷路,但随时有遭逢官兵的告急。实际中,玄奘归国的路途的确是平整无阻的,并且有人护送,但不是天神,而是由几个国度的国王以接力地势护送归国。贞观十九年(645年)正月二十五日,玄奘返回长安,接待的阵仗也是空前的,“道俗奔迎,倾都罢市”,不论僧俗都来接待,以至于具体京师的阛阓都停了。玄奘回到长安的第二天,就在朱雀街之南布列他从印度带来的佛经佛像。可以说,玄奘的平生大部分时光用来翻译佛经,发扬佛法,他自己写过的书有两部,一是在印度时刻写的《会宗论》,这本书惋惜的是来宣传下来,另一本便是闻名的《大唐西域记》,写了他取经路上的见闻,国度环境,地舆形式等等,这本书有着很重要的史料查究代价。他从印度带回佛经700多部,翻译过的经籍有许多,众人懂得的有:《解深秘经》、《瑜伽师地论》、《成唯识论》。玄奘抵达凉州(今甘肃武威)地界时,住了一个多月,为本地僧众祭坛说法,很受接待。凉州是甘肃河西走廊的一个大城市,是“丝绸之路”上的一个重镇。其时为防止颉利可汗的突厥行列步队骚动扰攘侵犯,凉州都督李大亮接到朝廷诏书:封闭边关,禁绝职员西行。当玄奘筹划不停西行时,凉州守关官兵不敢自作主张开关放行,只好先行报告李大亮裁夺。李大亮懂得玄奘的名声,让辖下通报他的派遣:不许西行取经,即刻回京。

那么,玄奘降生时是否有什么失常迹象呢?在《大慈恩寺三藏法师传》中,曾有云云一段故事:行家初生时,他的母亲梦见一位白衣法师向她离去,法师说:“为了求法,因此要西行。”这位白衣法师便是玄奘。固然这不过一段外传,但玄奘法师小期间的显示分歧凡人确有其事。那么,玄奘降生时是否有什么失常迹象呢?在《大慈恩寺三藏法师传》中,曾有云云一段故事:行家初生时,他的母亲梦见一位白衣法师向她离去,法师说:“为了求法,因此要西行。”这位白衣法师便是玄奘。固然这不过一段外传,但玄奘法师小期间的显示分歧凡人确有其事。玄奘一同西行获得许多人扶助,但不是门徒,假若说一定要找一个门徒的话,胡人石磐陀牵强算一个,只有他是积极请玄奘为他受戒的。

玄奘归国后的大部分岁月放在翻译劳动上,他平生共译释教经论75部1335卷,不论是翻译数目,依然质量,都是空前的。他还创造性地发明白新译。夙昔的翻译体式格局叫旧译,旧译以真谛和鸠摩罗什为代表,旧译者多为外国人,这些人因不精晓汉语,大概过于夸大意译、直译,每每让华夏人难以明白。玄奘很好地管理了这些标题,他既精晓梵文,又精晓汉语,所译经典既不失原旨,又通畅畅通,便于华夏人涉猎。可以说,玄奘的平生大部分时光用来翻译佛经,发扬佛法,他自己写过的书有两部,一是在印度时刻写的《会宗论》,这本书惋惜的是来宣传下来,另一本便是闻名的《大唐西域记》,写了他取经路上的见闻,国度环境,地舆形式等等,这本书有着很重要的史料查究代价。他从印度带回佛经700多部,翻译过的经籍有许多,众人懂得的有:《解深秘经》、《瑜伽师地论》、《成唯识论》。玄奘行家是梵学奇才,那么他是怎么削发的呢?《西游记》中记实,玄奘是如来座下金蝉长老转世,踏上西天之路是命中注定的。在《大唐故三藏玄奘法师奇迹》和《大慈恩寺三藏法师传》中,都将玄奘削发的念头解说为对佛法的崇信。比拟之下,道宣在《续高僧传·唐京师大慈恩寺释玄奘传》中的记实则颇为奇妙,此中提到“少罹穷酷”四个字,好像示意玄奘是理由少年工夫生存困窘才削发的。

641年,玄奘分别戒日王筹划归国,他酌定沿着丝绸之路北线,原委高昌国回长安。遵循他与鞠文泰的商定,玄奘原先要在高昌国逗留三年,但在东归途中得知,高昌王鞠文泰已经不在阳间,此商定未能兑现。两年后,玄奘回到中土,受到官方和民间亲热的接待。还有一种说法是,玄奘行家是怙恃老年末年所生,其时他的父亲大略在五十岁傍边。老年末年得子,让怙恃对他特别疼惜。玄奘年少时机智早慧,过目成诵,日志千诵。




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